Coffee Basics: Types, Roasts, And How To Store It

A cup of coffee on a table

Coffee is one of the most consumed beverages in the world. The coffee beans are roasted and then ground to give you the aromatic coffee powder. Though the plant was the native of subtropical areas of Asia and Africa, now they are available all through the south as well as Central America. This article will help you know about the coffee basics like how to roast the beans, its types, and how to store it.

Coffee Basics: Types, Roasts, And How To Store It
Coffee Basics: Types, Roasts, And How To Store It

Coffee Basics – Types

Mainly two types of coffee are obtainable, Arabica and Robusta. While the former has a delicate taste, low acids, expensive, and is hard to grow and mainly available at the high altitudes, the latter has a harsh acidic taste. Moreover, you can grow the Robusta beans in hot regions as well as lower altitudes where moisture content is low. It is inexpensive, and most people do not opt for it.

Coffee Basics – Roasting

To make the perfect brewing, you need to roast the green coffee beans first. You can roast them in 3 ways, lights, medium, and dark. Both the color and flavor of the beans depend on the time of roasting.  

  • If you prefer the lightest and subtle flavor, opt for light roasting. However, in this type, the flavor will be more acidic. If you are using top-quality beans, then light roasting will help to maintain the original flavor.
  • Do you like dry and fully flavored coffee? Then opt for medium roasted beans, and the color will be chocolate brown. It will also provide you with a bit sweet and toasty taste and acidity will be less in comparison to the lightly roasted beans.
  • In this category, the coffee beans are roasted for a long time. Thus, the oil starts to appear at the surface, and all the sugars are caramelized. The beans might have an oily look as well as little sheen based on the time of roasting. The lower quality beans are suitable for dark roasting as the roasted flavor engulfs the original flavor.
  • If you are willing to get unique flavors, you have to mix the beans of two roasting levels. This way, you will get a perfect and profound flavor and taste of the coffee that is missing in single roasting.  
Coffee Basics: Types, Roasts, And How To Store It
Coffee Basics: Types, Roasts, And How To Store It

How To Store It

Besides using the top quality beans and the proper roasting method, you need to store it appropriately to get out of the world’s taste. Heat, moisture, light, as well as oxygen, are the enemies to the taste of the coffee. Thus, it is better to keep the bags that can be vacuum-sealed. These bags have a one-way valve to prevent oxygen from entering and pass the gas.

However, if you do not have these bags, use an air-tight container to store the coffee and keep it in a place that has no contact with light or moisture. Some people prefer keeping their coffee in the refrigerator. But this can let the coffee get affected by more moisture and circulating air as well as intense flavors of other ingredients in the fridge.

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