Coffee lovers are well aware of the term specialty coffee. This kind of coffee comprises of a single type of coffee seed grown by farmers and then directly brewed to prepare the coffee. The roasting and extraction process is done in a very sophisticated way. The reason why it is “special” is because it grows in special climates, such as in the case of tea. Colombia, Ethiopia, Brazil, and Indonesia are countries that have the apt temperature for the coffee bean to be planted and grown.
Difference Between Commercial Coffee and Specialty Coffee
Coffee can broadly divide into two categories: commercial coffee and specialty coffee.
The difference between commercial and specialty coffee is the way of packing and manufacturing. Instant coffee is the one that already manufactures in a ground form; whereas, specialty coffee manufactures as whole coffee beans.
Cottage industries and small plantations manufacture specialty coffee because it is not of use by majority of the people; whereas, instant coffee is manufactured in bulk amounts, due to its usage in big industries and companies.
Types of Speciality Coffee
A coffee consumer has two options of what to drink:
- Regular Coffee: Refers to a normal taste coffee, sometimes used as a synonym for bad quality and lack of sustainability. Taste of a regular coffee can give you an unpleasant experience, due to the bad flavor and a not-so-great feeling in your body. From plants to your cup, coffee travels a long journey of a complicated process.
- Specialty Coffee: Not only refers to the taste but also the process by which beans are produced in special microclimates. A study by the Specialty Coffee Association of America found specialty coffee to score more than 80 on a scale of one hundred in terms of quality.
Top Specialty Coffee Growing Countries
The major specialty coffee producing countries are Colombia, Ethiopia, Brazil, and Indonesia.
Brazil is the third largest producer of specialty coffee. The specialty coffee produced in this region is Santos, which was named after the port where it is shipped. Coffee grown in Brazil is dry-processed.
One-tenth of the world’s coffee manufactures in Columbia. The country is next in line (after Brazil) to be the fourth largest producer of coffee seeds. Costa Rica has apt conditions for specialty coffee to grow, enabling the production of one of the highest quality of coffee seeds. The best climate for this coffee plant to grow is in the mountains; however, extreme climates can destroy it. Of course, coffee production is usually in countries that do not experience harsh weather conditions.
Specialty coffee is a unique way of packing and manufacturing coffee. With this being said, it is a major player in the coffee industry.